## Abstract

The influence of the arrangement and the length of discrete ribs on heat/mass transfer and friction loss is investigated. The mass transfer experiments are conducted to obtain detailed local heat/mass transfer coefficients on the duct wall. The aspect ratio (width/height) of the duct is 2.04 and the rib height is one tenth of the duct height, such that the ratio of rib height to hydraulic diameter is 0.0743. The ratio of ribto- rib distance to rib height is 10. The discrete ribs are made by dividing continuous ribs into 2, 3 and 5 pieces and attached periodically to the top and bottom surfaces of the duct with a parallel orientation. After examining the effects of rib angle of attack (α) for continuous ribs, the combined effects of the rib angle and the length of discrete ribs on heat/mass transfer on the duct wall are investigated for a=90° and 450. As the number of broken pieces of a rib increases, the more disturbed flows affect greatly heat/mass transfer and increase the uniformity of heat/mass transfer distributions. For α=90°, the heat/mass transfer enhancement with the discrete ribs is remarkable, so that the discrete ribs augment up to 27% of the average heat/mass transfer coefficients compared with the transverse continuous rib. However, the heat/mass transfer performances of the discrete ribs are slightly higher than that of the transverse continuous rib due to the accompanied high friction loss penalty. For α=45°, the average heat/mass transfer coefficients are decreased slightly with the discrete ribs, and the heat/mass transfer performances of the angled discrete ribs are also decreased even though the friction losses are lower.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration |

Publisher | American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9780791878606 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1999 |

Event | ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, GT 1999 - Indianapolis, United States Duration: 1999 Jun 7 → 1999 Jun 10 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo |
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Volume | 3 |

### Other

Other | ASME 1999 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, GT 1999 |
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Country/Territory | United States |

City | Indianapolis |

Period | 99/6/7 → 99/6/10 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:Copyright © 1999 by ASME.

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Engineering(all)